Photos Anciennes: Les Bédouins
Environ 4 millions de Bédouins vivent principalement dans les désert d'Arabie et Syrie, le désert du Sinaï et le Sahara, reconnaissables par leurs dialectes arabes, culture arabe et structure sociale spécifiques. De nos jours, seuls environ 5 % des Bédouins du Moyen-Orient sont des nomades vivant de l'élevage des caprins, des ovins et des camélidés. Quelques Bédouins du Sinaï sont encore semi-nomades. Pour certains Bédouins, il ne faut qu'appartenir à une tribu bédouine pour se revendiquer Bédouin, mais pour d'autres il faut de plus mener une vie de nomade, ce qui en exclut les sédentaires.
Le mot Bédu veut dire « habitant du désert » en arabe, Bédouin est le pluriel du mot, même si Bédu peut aussi être utilisé comme un pluriel.
de WikipédiaA young bedouin “spy” in Jiddah (Jedda) leans on his sword as he keeps watch. (Photo by General Photographic Agency/Getty Images). Circa 1930Using their horse for cover, members of the Arab Legion stage a realistic “Bedouin attack” at Amman, the capital of Jordan. (Photo by J. Smith/Fox Photos/Getty Images). 25th November 1936A Bedouin shepherd carrying a young lamb on the hills of Palestine. (Photo by Fox Photos/Getty Images). 12th February 1938A Bedouin Arab family speaks with Jewish pioneering settlers at the gate of their cooperative farming community Septmber 30, 1946 of Kibbutz Urim in the Negev Desert, during the British Mandate of Palestine, in what would later become the State of Israel. (Photo by Zoltan Kluger/GPO via Getty Images)A Bedouin woman cooking flatbread outside her tent in Israel, circa 1950. (Photo by Chalil Raad/Three Lions/Hulton Archive/Getty Images)A Bedouin sitting on a stationary camel in the Trans-Jordanian desert. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1950An elderly Arab Bedouin sits loading and smoking a pipe. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1950A group of Bedouin Arab men, who are working on the laying of a 560 mile long pipeline from Kirkuk in north Iraq to Bania on the Syrian coast for the Iraq Petroleum Company, having their lunch surrounded by sections of the pipe. (Photo by Fox Photos/Getty Images). 4th March 1952Bedouins (Arab., Badawi, “dwellers in the desert”), nomadic Arabs in the Jordan Desert at camp. Virtually all Bedouins are Muslims. (Photo by MacDonald Hastings/Hulton Archive/Getty Images). 1955A Bedouin boy. (Photo by MacDonald Hastings/Hulton Archive/Getty Images). 1955Young Bedouin boys barefoot in the desert. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1955A Bedouin rifleman hides behind his camel while he carefully takes aim in the Sahara desert. (Photo by Three Lions/Getty Images). Circa 1955RAF nursing attendant Corporal Cy Thomas treating a group of Bedouin children in the southern Arabian desert. (Photo by Central Press/Getty Images). 19th September 1962Bedouin and Yemeni troops at the police fort of Marbakh. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images). 28th June 1963A veiled Bedouin woman carrying a large bundle of sticks and a lamb in the Sinai Peninsula. (Photo by Keystone Features/Getty Images). August 1966Israeli physician Dr. Avraham Hamavi is asssited by Bedouin nurse Amana Abu Halil nurse as he examines a Bedouin woman in a mobile clinic some two years after the Six-Day War on June 10, 1969, near Rafah, Gaza Strip. Thirty-eight years after Israel captured the Gaza Strip from the Egyptians during the campaign, the Jewish state looks poised to leave the populous Palestinian territory as Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's disengagement plan approaches its August 15, 2005 implementation. (Photo by Moshe Milner/GPO via Getty Images)Bedouin Arab fishermen bring in their catch June 3, 1975 on Lake Bardawil near the Israeli settlement of Nahal Yam in the Sinai Desert which was later evacuated as part of Israel's peace treaty with Egypt in 1982. (Photo by Shalom Bar Tal/GPO via Getty Images)An Israeli settler farmer carries a couple of local Bedouin laborers on his tractor March 10, 1972 in the Israeli settlement of Moshav Sadot, in the Yamit area in the Sinai Desert, some 10 years before it was evacuated as part of Israel's peace treaty with Egypt in 1982. (Photo by Moshe Milner/GPO via Getty Images)
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